The Directorate of Public Prosecutions of Lagos State was established by a gazette No 4 published on the 4th of July 1968. This was after the creation of Lagos State in 1967. Prior to this time the Prosecution of State offences was done by Prosecutors of the Federal Ministry of Justice, then in the Federal territory of Lagos.
The 1963 Republican Constitution specifically created an office of the Directorate of Public Prosecutions (DPP) as a separate and distinct office in the public service of the federation. This autonomy gave the DPP fairly wide discretion in deciding whether to prosecute in any particular case or not.
In the present dispensation, the general supervisory power over criminal proceedings in Nigeria at both State and Federal levels is constitutionally vested in the Attorney General of the Federation and a State by virtue of Sections 174 and 211 respectively, of the 1999 Constitution.
The State counsels in Directorate of Public Prosecutions are the officers of the Attorney-General through whom he exercises his criminal prosecutorial powers in respect of State officers.
The first Director of Public Prosecutions for Lagos State was Mr. (now Late Justice Olanrewaju O. Bada (1968-1972) who was deputy to the Late Honourable Justice Sogbetun then Federal Director of Public Prosecutions. After Late Justice Bada was elevated to the higher bench as a Judge of the High Court, he was succeeded by Mr. (now Late Honourable Justice) Oladipo Williams.FUNCTIONS The primary functions of the Directorate are as follows:
- Issuance of Legal Advice on case files sent by the Police.
- Instituting prosecution against Defendants.
- Prosecution of Criminal Cases at both the High Courts and the Magistrate Courts.
- Handling of Appeals at the Court of Appeal and Supreme Court.
- Handling of Petitions.
- Handling of Applications for Bail and Enforcement of Fundamental Human Rights in both State and Federal High Courts.
- Representing the HAG/CJ and SG/PS at meetings
- Environmental Sanitation Law, Cap E.5, Vol. 2, Laws of Lagos State 2003.
- Street Trading and Illegal Markets (Prohibition) Law Cap S.12, Vol.7 Laws Of Lagos State, 2003.
- Sand, Laterite and Gravel Spilling (Prohibition) Law, Cap S.5,Vol 7, Laws Of Lagos State 2003.
- Highway (Removal of Obstruction) Law, Cap H.15, Vol. 3 Laws of Lagos State 2003
- Private Hospital Law, Cap P.15, Vol 6, Laws of Lagos State 2003
- Criminal Code, Sections 249,250,252,351.
- Road Traffic Law Offences